ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ื”ื™ื“ืจื•ืคื•ื ื™ ื‘ื˜ื•ื—: ืกื•ื’ื™ ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง ื‘ื”ื™ื“ืจื•ืคื•ื ื™ืงื” ื•ื”ืฉืคืขืชื ืขืœ ื”ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ืฉืœื ื•

ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง ื‘ื”ื™ื“ืจื•ืคื•ื ื™ืงื” ืฉื›ื™ื— ืœืžื“ื™, ืืš ื™ืฉื ื” ืฉืืœื” ืžื”ื•ืชื™ืช ืฉืชืœื•ื™ื” ื‘ืื•ื™ืจ ื•ื˜ืจื ืงื™ื‘ืœื” ื”ืชื™ื™ื—ืกื•ืช ืžืžืฉื™ืช – ื”ืื ื›ืœ ื”ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืงื™ื ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื™ื ืœืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ? ื”ืื ื—ืฉื™ืคื” ืžืžื•ืฉื›ืช ืœืฉืžืฉ ืœื ืชื’ืจื•ื ืœืคืœื™ื˜ืช ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ืจืขื™ืœื™ื ืœืžื™ื? ื•ื”ืื ื”ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื”ืœืœื• ืœื ืžื’ื™ืขื™ื ืœื™ืจืงื•ืช ืฉืื ื• ืื•ื›ืœื™ื ื‘ืกื•ืคื• ืฉืœ ื“ื‘ืจ? ืชืฉื•ื‘ื•ืช ื•ื”ื‘ื”ืจื•ืช ื‘ื›ืชื‘ื”.

ื”ื—ื•ืžืจ ื”ื ืคื•ืฅ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืขืœ ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื”ืจื—ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœื™ื ื”ื™ื“ืจื•ืคื•ื ื™ื ื”ื•ื ื”ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง. ืจื•ื‘ืŸ ื”ืžื•ื—ืœื˜ ืฉืœ ื”ืžืขืจื›ื•ืช ื”ื”ื™ื“ืจื•ืคื•ื ื™ื•ืช ืขืฉื•ื™ื•ืช ืžืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง, ืจื‘ื™ื ืžื”ืžื’ื“ืœื™ื ืžืฉืชืžืฉื™ื ื‘ืฆื™ื ื•ืจื•ืช ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง ื‘ืžืขืจื›ื•ืช ืฉื‘ื ื• ื‘ืขืฆืžื – ืืš ืขื ื™ื™ืŸ ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง, ืฉืขืœื•ืœ ืœื”ื›ื™ืœ ื›ื™ืžื™ืงืืœื™ื ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื•ื”ืฉืคืขืชื• ืขืœ ื”ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ืฉืœื ื•, ื˜ืจื ืขืœื” ื•ืงื™ื‘ืœ ื”ืชื™ื™ื—ืกื•ืช ืจืฆื™ื ื™ืช, ืขื“ ืขื›ืฉื™ื•.

ื‘1988 ื ื•ืฆืจื” ืฉื™ื˜ืช ืžืกืคื•ืจ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืื™ื’ื•ื“ ืกื—ืจ ื”ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง ื”ืืžืจื™ืงืื™ ืืฉืจ ืคื™ืจืงื” ื•ื—ื™ืœืงื” ืืช ืกื•ื’ื™ ื”ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืฉื™ืืคืฉืจ ืœื™ื™ืขืœ ืืช ื”ื™ืฆื•ืจ, ื”ืžื™ื—ื–ื•ืจ ื•ื”ืกื—ืจ ื‘ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง. ืฉื™ื˜ืช ื”ืžืกืคื•ืจ ื”ื–ื• ื”ืคื›ื” ืœืฉืคื” ืžืฉื•ืชืคืช ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ืช ื•ื”ื™ื ืžื™ื•ืฆื’ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžืฉื•ืœืฉ ื”ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ ืžืฉืœื•ืฉื” ื—ืฆื™ื ืขื ืžืกืคืจ ื‘ืชื•ื›ื•.

ืžืกืคื•ืจ ืกื•ื’ื™ ื”ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืงื™ื

  1. ืคื•ืœื™ืืชื™ืœืŸ ืคืจืœื˜ืืœื˜ – PET (PETE), polyethylene terephthalate
  2. ืคื•ืœื™ืืชื™ืœืŸ ื‘ืฆืคื™ืคื•ืช ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื” – HDPE, high-density polyethylene
  3. ืคื•ืœื™ื•ื™ื ื™ืœ ื›ืœื•ืจื™ื“ – PVC, polyvinyl chloride
  4. ืคื•ืœื™ืืชื™ืœืŸ ื‘ืฆืคื™ืคื•ืช ื ืžื•ื›ื” – LDPE, low-density polyethylene
  5. ืคื•ืœื™ืคืจื•ืคื™ืœืŸ – PP, polypropylene
  6. ืคื•ืœื™ืกื˜ื™ืจืŸ – PS, polystyrene
  7. ืชืขืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง ืžืกื•ื’ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื

ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ ืœืกื•ื’ื™ ื”ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง, ื™ืชื›ืŸ ืฉื™ืชื•ื•ืกืคื• ืืœื™ื”ื ืžื™ื™ืฆื‘ื™ (ืื• ื‘ื•ืœืขื™) ืงืจื™ื ื”, ื’ื ืขืœื™ื”ื ื ืจื—ื™ื‘ ื‘ื”ืžืฉืš.

1. ืคื•ืœื™ืืชื™ืœืŸ ืคืจืœื˜ืืœื˜ – PET (PETE), polyethylene terephthalate

ื ืžืฆื ื‘ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ืœื”ื›ื ืช ื‘ืงื‘ื•ืงื™ ืžืฉืงืื•ืช ืงืœื™ื, ืžื™ื, ืงื˜ืฉื•ืค, ืจื˜ื‘ื™ื ืœืกืœื˜, ื—ืžืืช ื‘ื•ื˜ื ื™ื, ืจื™ื‘ื•ืช ื•ื—ืžื•ืฆื™ื.
ืžื” ืฉื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื• ื”ื•ื ืฉืœื ื™ื“ื•ืข ืœื ื• ืขืœ ื”ืชืžื•ืกืกื•ืช ืฉืœ ื›ื™ืžื™ืงืืœื™ื ืฉื—ืฉื•ื“ื™ื ื›ืžืกืจื˜ื ื™ื ืื• ืžืฉื‘ืฉื™ื ื”ื•ืจืžื•ื ืืœื™ื™ื, ืืš ืœืžืจื•ืช ื–ืืช, ื‘ื—ืฉื™ืคื” ืืจื•ื›ื” ืœืฉืžืฉ ื”ื•ื ืขืœื•ืœ ืœืคืœื•ื˜ ื—ื•ืžืจ ื‘ืฉื ืื ื˜ื™ืžื•ืŸ ืืฉืจ ืžื–ื™ืง ืœื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช.

ื”ืฉื•ืจื” ื”ืชื—ืชื•ื ื”: ื˜ื•ื‘ ืœืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ, ืืš ืœื ื‘ื—ืฉื™ืคื” ืืจื•ื›ื” ืœืฉืžืฉ.

2. ืคื•ืœื™ืืชื™ืœืŸ ื‘ืฆืคื™ืคื•ืช ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื” – HDPE, high-density polyethylene

ื”ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง ื”ื–ื” ื‘ื˜ื•ื— ื™ื—ืกื™ืช ืœืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื•ืžื™ื™ืฆืจื™ื ืžืžื ื• ืืจื™ื–ื•ืช ื—ืœื‘, ืžื™ื, ืžื™ืฆื™ื ื•ืฉืงื™ื•ืช ื–ื‘ืœ ื•ืกื•ืคืจ. ืืช ื”ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง ื”ื–ื” ื ืคื’ื•ืฉ ื‘ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ื”ื™ื“ืจื•ืคื•ื ื™ (ืื• ืœื) ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ื›ื—ื‘ื™ื•ืช ื”ื›ื—ื•ืœื•ืช ื”ืžืฉืžืฉื•ืช ืœื”ื•ื‘ืœืช ื ื•ื–ืœื™ื.

ืคื•ืœื™ืืชื™ืœืŸ ื‘ืฆืคื™ืคื•ืช ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื” ื”ื•ื ื”ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง ืžืžื ื• ืžื›ื™ื ื™ื ืืช ืžืจื‘ื™ืช ืžื™ื›ืœื™ ื”ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ื‘ื“ืจื’ ืžื–ื•ืŸ, ืืš ื™ื—ื“ ืขื ื–ืืช, ืœื ื›ื•ืœื ืžืชื•ืงื ื ื™ื ืœื“ืจื’ ืžื–ื•ืŸ. ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื™ื ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื—ืคืฉ ืขืœ ื’ื‘ื™ ื”ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง ืืช ืกื™ืžื•ืŸ ืช"ื™ ืื• ืฉืœ ื” USDA/FDA/NSF.
ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืงื™ื ืžืกื•ื’ 2 ืฉืื™ื ื ื‘ื“ืจื’ ืžื–ื•ืŸ ื™ื™ื•ืฆืจื• ืขื ื—ื•ืžืจ ืฉืขืœื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืจืขื™ืœ ื•ืžืกื•ื›ืŸ ืœื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ืฉืชืคืงื™ื“ื• ืœืกื™ื™ืข ื‘ืฉื—ืจื•ืจ ืžื”ื™ืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง ืžื”ืชื‘ื ื™ืช ื‘ื” ื”ื•ื ืžื™ื•ืฆืจ ื•ื‘ื›ืš ืœื”ื’ื‘ื™ืจ ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ืช ืืช ืงืฆื‘ ื”ื™ื™ืฆื•ืจ.

ื”ืฉื•ืจื” ื”ืชื—ืชื•ื ื”: ื˜ื•ื‘ ืœืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื”ื™ื“ืจื•ืคื•ื ื™ืงื” ื›ืฉื”ื•ื ืžื™ื•ืฆืจ ื‘ื“ืจื’ ืžื–ื•ืŸ.

3.ย ืคื•ืœื™ื•ื™ื ื™ืœ ื›ืœื•ืจื™ื“ – PVC, polyvinyl chloride

ื”ื•ื ืื—ื“ ื”ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืงื™ื ื”ืฉื ื•ืื™ื ื‘ื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ื”ืžื—ื–ื•ืจ ืžืฉื•ื ืฉืงืฉื” ืœืžื—ื–ืจ ืื•ืชื• ืืš ื”ื•ื ืžื‘ื•ืงืฉ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืฉืœ ืชื›ื•ื ื•ืชื™ื• ื”ื ื—ืฉืงื•ืช – ื—ืกื™ื ื•ืช ืœืืฉ ื•ืœืžื™ื. ื‘ืชืขืฉื™ื™ืช ื”ืžื–ื•ืŸ ื”PVC ื ืžืฆื ื‘ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืขื˜ื™ืคื•ืช ืฉืœ ื‘ืฉืจ, ื’ื‘ื™ื ื•ืช ื•ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื.

ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœืจื›ืš ืืช ื”ืคื•ืœื™ื•ื™ื ื™ืœ ื›ืœื•ืจื™ื“, ื™ื™ืฆืจื ื™ื ืžื•ืกื™ืคื™ื ืจื›ื™ื‘ื™ื 'ืคืœืกื˜ื™ื™ื' ืืฉืจ ืžื•ื ืขื™ื ืžื”ืžื•ืœืงื•ืœื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื—ื•ืžืจ ืœื”ืชืงืจื‘ ื”ืื—ืช ืœืฉื ื™ื” ื•ื‘ื›ืš ืฉื•ืžืจื™ื ืขืœ ื’ืžื™ืฉื•ืชื•. ืื•ืชื ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ืคืœืกื˜ื™ื™ื ืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื™ืคืœื˜ ืžื”ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง ืืœ ื”ืžื™ื ื‘ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ืžืžื•ืฉืš ื•ืžื”ื•ื•ื™ื ืกื›ื ื” ืœื‘ืจื™ืื•ืชื ื• ืืฃ ื›ืฉื”ื ืจืง ื‘ืื™ื ื‘ืžื’ืข ืขื ืžื–ื•ืŸ. ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ, ืœืคื™ ืื™ื’ื•ื“ ื”ืžื–ื•ืŸ ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœ ืืจื”"ื‘,ย di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP), ืืฉืจ ื ืžืฆื ืคืขืžื™ื ืจื‘ื•ืช ื‘PVC ื ื—ืฉื“ ื›ื’ื•ืจื ืžืกืจื˜ืŸ.

ื›ืžื• ื›ืŸ ื”PVC ืžื›ื™ืœ ื‘ื™ืกืคื ื•ืœ A (ื”ื•ื ื”BPA ื”ืžืคื•ืจืกื) ืืฉืจ ืœื• ืกื›ื ื•ืช ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืชื™ื•ืช ื”ืงืฉื•ืจื•ืช ืœืฉื™ื‘ื•ืฉ ื”ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ื”ื•ืจืžื•ื ืืœื™ืช ืืฆืœ ืชื™ื ื•ืงื•ืช, ืคื’ื™ืขื” ื‘ืคื•ืจื™ื•ืช ืืฆืœ ื ืฉื™ื, ื”ืฉืžื ืช ื™ืชืจ ื•ื’ืจื™ืžืช ื”ืคืจืขื•ืช ื‘ื’ื“ื™ืœื”.

ืฆื™ื ื•ืจื•ืช ื”PVC ืืฉืจ ื ืžืฆืื™ื ื‘ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ืฉื•ื˜ืฃ ืœืฆืจื›ื™ ืื™ื ืกื˜ืœืฆื™ื” ื•ื‘ืžืขืจื›ื•ืช ื”ื‘ื™ื•ื‘ ืขืฉื• ื”ืกื‘ื” ืœืื—ืจื•ื ื” ื’ื ืœืขื•ืœื ื”ื”ื™ื“ืจื•ืคื•ื ื™ืงื” ื•ื”ืืงื•ื•ืคื•ื ื™ืงื” ื•ืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœืคืœื•ื˜ ื›ื™ืžื™ืงืืœื™ื ื›ื›ืœ ืฉืขื•ื‘ืจ ื”ื–ืžืŸ ื•ื‘ื—ืฉื™ืคื” ืœืฉืžืฉ ื•ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืฉืœื ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื‘ื”ื ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ.

ื”ืฉื•ืจื” ื”ืชื—ืชื•ื ื”: ืจืข ืœื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื•ืจืข ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื”.

UPVC – ืฆื™ื ื•ืจื•ืช ื”ืžืชืื™ืžื™ื ืœืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ืœื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ื”ื™ื“ืจื•ืคื•ื ื™

ื›ื™ื•ื ื™ืฉื ื ื‘ืฉื•ืง ืฆื™ื ื•ืจื•ืช UPVC ืื• PVC-U ืœื‘ื ื™ื ืื• ื›ืชื•ืžื™ื, ื›ืืฉืจ ื”U ืžื™ื™ืฆื’ืช ืืช ื”- Unplasticied ื•ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื” ืฉืœื ื”ื•ืกืคื• ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ืคืœืกื˜ื™ื™ื ืžืกื•ื›ื ื™ื. ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ, ืฆื™ื ื•ืจื•ืช UPVC ืื™ื ื ืžื›ื™ืœื™ื BPA ื•ื”ื ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื™ื ื”ืจื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœื™ื ื”ื™ื“ืจื•ืคื•ื ื™ื.

ืžืขื•ื ื™ื™ื ื™ื ืœืจื›ื•ืฉ ืฆื™ื ื•ืจื•ืช UPVC? ืฆืจื• ืื™ืชื ื• ืงืฉืจ.

4. ืคื•ืœื™ืืชื™ืœืŸ ื‘ืฆืคื™ืคื•ืช ื ืžื•ื›ื” – LDPE, low-density polyethylene

ืžืกื•ื’ ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง ื–ื” ืžื›ื™ื ื™ื ื‘ืชืขืฉื™ื™ืช ื”ืžื–ื•ืŸ ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืฉืงื™ื•ืช ืžื–ื•ืŸ ืงืคื•ื ื•ื‘ืงื‘ื•ืงื™ื ืœื—ื™ืฆื™ื.
ื™ื—ืกื™ืช ืœPVC ื”ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง ื”ื–ื” 'ื‘ืกื“ืจ', ืฉื›ืŸ ืœื ื™ื“ื•ืข ืขืœ ืคืœื™ื˜ืช ื›ื™ืžื™ืงืืœื™ื ืืฉืจ ื’ื•ืจืžื™ื ืœืกืจื˜ืŸ ืื• ืฉื™ื‘ื•ืฉ ื”ื•ืจืžื•ื ืืœื™, ืืš ืžืฆื“ ืฉื ื™ ื”ื•ื ืœื ืžืžื•ื—ื–ืจ ื›ืžื• ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง ืžืก' 1 ื•-2 ื•ืขืœ ื›ืŸ ืžื–ื™ืง ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื”ืจื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ.

ืฉื•ืจื” ืชื—ืชื•ื ื”: ื‘ืกื“ืจ ืœื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช, ืœื ื‘ืกื“ืจ ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื”.

5. ืคื•ืœื™ืคืจื•ืคื™ืœืŸ – PP, polypropylene

ืžื”ืคื•ืœื™ืคืจื•ืคื™ืœืŸ ืžื™ื™ืฆืจื™ื ื—ืœืง ืžื‘ืงื‘ื•ืงื™ ื”ืงื˜ืฉื•ืค, ืžื™ื›ืœื™ ื”ื™ื•ื’ื•ืจื˜ ื•ื”ืžืจื’ืจื™ื ื”, ื•ื”ื•ื ืจื•ื•ื— ื‘ื™ื™ืฆื•ืจ ืงื•ืคืกืื•ืช ืื—ืกื•ืŸ ื”ืžื–ื•ืŸ. ื”ื•ื ื ื—ืฉื‘ ืœื‘ื˜ื•ื— ืœื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื•ืื™ืŸ ืžื™ื“ืข ืขืœ ืคืœื™ื˜ืช ื›ื™ืžื™ืงืืœื™ื ืฉื—ืฉื•ื“ื™ื ื›ืžืกืจื˜ื ื™ื ืื• ืžืฉื‘ืฉื™ ื”ื•ืจืžื•ื ื™ื.

ืคื•ืœื™ืคืจื•ืคื™ืœืŸ ืžืชืคืจืง ื‘ื—ืฉื™ืคื” ืœื—ื•ื ื•ืœืงืจื™ื ื” ืื•ืœื˜ืจื” ืกื’ื•ืœื”ย ื”ืžืฆื•ื™ื” ื‘ืื•ืจ ื”ืฉืžืฉ. ื‘ืชื”ืœื™ืš ื–ื” ื ื•ืฆืจย ืจื“ื™ืงืœ ื—ื•ืคืฉื™ย ืืฉืจ ืžื’ื™ื‘ ืขืย ื—ืžืฆืŸย ื•ื ื•ืฆืจย ืืœื“ื”ื™ื“ย ื•ื—ื•ืžืฆื” ืงืจื‘ื•ืงืกื™ืœื™ืช. ื”ื‘ืœืื™ ื ืจืื” ื›ืจืฉืช ืฉืœ ืกื“ืงื™ื ื“ืงื™ื ื”ืžืขืžื™ืงื™ื ืขื ื–ืžืŸ ื”ื—ืฉื™ืคื” ืœืงืจื™ื ื”. ืœื›ืŸ ื ื“ืจืฉื™ื ืชื•ืกืคื™ื ื‘ื•ืœืขื™ ืงืจื™ื ืช UV ืœื—ืคืฆื™ื ืžืคื•ืœื™ืคืจื•ืคื™ืœืŸ ื”ืžื™ื•ืขื“ื™ื ืœืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ืชื—ืช ื›ื™ืคืช ื”ืฉืžื™ื™ื.

ื”ืฉื•ืจื” ื”ืชื—ืชื•ื ื”: ื™ื—ืกื™ืช ื‘ื˜ื•ื— ืœืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ, ืืš ืจืฆื•ื™ ืœื‘ื“ื•ืง ืื ืื›ืŸ ืžื—ื•ื–ืง ืขื ื‘ื•ืœืขื™ ืงืจื™ื ืช UV ื•ื‘ืขืœ ื“ืจื’ ืžื–ื•ืŸ.

6. ืคื•ืœื™ืกื˜ื™ืจืŸ – PS, polystyrene

ืžื”ืคื•ืœื™ืกื˜ื™ืจืŸ ืžื™ื™ืฆืจื™ื ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืžื•ืฆืจื™ ืงืœืงืจ, ื›ืžื• ื–ื” ื”ื ืžืฆื ื‘ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืจืคืกื•ื“ื•ืช ื”ืฆืคื•ืช ื”ืžื•ื›ืจื•ืช ืœื ื• ืžืขื•ืœื ื”ื”ื™ื“ืจื•ืคื•ื ื™ืงื”.
ื”ื•ื ื ื—ืฉื‘ ืœืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง ืžื–ื™ืง ื™ื—ืกื™ืช ืฉื›ืŸ ื”ื•ื ื’ื ืงืฉื” ืžืื•ื“ ืœืžื™ื—ื–ื•ืจ ื•ื’ื ืžืคืจื™ืฉ ืกื˜ื™ืจื™ืŸ ืฉื—ืฉื•ื“ ื›ื—ื•ืžืจ ืžืกืจื˜ืŸ.ย ื™ื—ื“ ืขื ื–ืืช, ืžื—ืงืจ ื”ืขืœื” ื›ื™ ืฉื—ืจื•ืจ ื”ืกื˜ื™ืจื™ืŸ ืžื”ืงืœืงืจ ืœืžื–ื•ืŸ ืงืฉื•ืจ ืœืžื’ืข ืฉืœื• ืขื ืฉื•ืžืŸ, ื›ืš ืฉื‘ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ื”ื”ื™ื“ืจื•ืคื•ื ื™ ื–ื• ืื™ื ื” ืกื›ื ื” ืžืžืฉื™ืช. ื”ืกื›ื ื” ื‘ืื” ืœื™ื“ื™ ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื™ ื“ื•ื•ืงื ื‘ืืงื•ื•ืคื•ื ื™ืงื”, ื›ืืฉืจ ืชื—ื–ื•ืงื” ืœืงื•ื™ื”, ื—ื•ืกืจ ื‘ืกื™ืจืงื•ืœืฆื™ื” ืžืกืคืงืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžื™ื, ื“ื’ื™ื ืžืชื™ื ืฉืžืชื—ื™ืœื™ื ืœื”ืจืงื‘ ื•ืฉืืจื™ื•ืช ืื•ื›ืœ ื“ื’ื™ื, ืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืฉื•ืžื ื™ืช ืฉื›ืคื™ ืฉื”ื•ื–ื›ืจ, ื˜ื•ืžื ืช ื‘ื—ื•ื‘ื” ืืช ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ืœื”ืคืจืฉืช ื”ืกื™ื˜ืจื™ืŸ ืžื”ืงืœืงืจ.

ื”ืฉื•ืจื” ื”ืชื—ืชื•ื ื”:ย ื‘ื ื–ืŸ (ื—ื•ืžืจ ื”ืžืฉืžืฉ ืœื™ื™ืฆื•ืจ ื”ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง) ื”ื•ื ืงืจืฆื™ื ื•ื’ืŸ ืื ื•ืฉื™ ื™ื“ื•ืข (ืžืกืจื˜ืŸ). ื‘ื•ื˜ืื“ื™ืŸ ื•ืกื˜ื™ืจื™ืŸ (ืื‘ื ื™ ื”ื™ืกื•ื“ ืฉืœ ื”ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง) ื ื—ืฉื“ื™ื ื›ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ืžืกืจื˜ื ื™ื, ื™ื™ืฆื•ืจื• ื“ื•ืจืฉ ืื ืจื’ื™ื” ืจื‘ื” ื•ืงืฉื” ืžืื•ื“ ืœืžื—ื–ืจ ืื•ืชื•, ืืš ื™ื—ื“ ืขื ื–ืืช, ื‘ื”ื™ื“ืจื•ืคื•ื ื™ืงื”, ืฉื ื”ื•ื ืžืฉืžืฉ ื›ืจืคืกื•ื“ื” ืฆืคื”, ืœื ื ืจืื” ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ืžืžืฉื™.

7. ืชืขืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง ืžืกื•ื’ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื

ื›ื•ืœืœ ืืช ื›ืœ ื™ืชืจ ื”ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื, ื”ื—ืœ ืžืคืœืกื˜ื™ืงื™ื 1-6 ืžืขื•ืจื‘ื‘ื™ื ื™ื—ื“ื™ื•, ื“ืจืš ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืชื™ื™ื ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื•ืขื“ ืœืคืœืกื˜ื™ืงื™ื ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื”ื›ื•ืœืœื™ื ืืช ื”ื‘ื™ื ืกืคื ื•ืœ A.

ืฉื•ืจื” ืชื—ืชื•ื ื”: ื›ืฉื”ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง ืžืกื•ืžืŸ ื‘ืžืก' 7 ืœื ื™ื“ื•ืข ื”ืื ื”ื•ื ืžืกื•ื›ืŸ ืื• ืœื ื•ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืงื—ืช ื‘ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืฉืคืขืžื™ื ืจื‘ื•ืช ื”ื•ื ืื™ื ื• ื‘ื˜ื•ื— ืœืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื”ื™ื“ืจื•ืคื•ื ื™ืงื” ื•ืขืœ ื›ืŸ ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœื”ืžื ืข ืžืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื• ื‘ื›ื“ื™ ืฉืœื ืœื‘ื•ื ื‘ืžื’ืข ืขื BPA, ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ืžืกืจื˜ื ื™ื ืื• ืžืฉื‘ืฉื™ื ื”ื•ืจืžื•ื ืœื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื.

ืžื™ื™ืฆื‘ื™ UV ื”ื™ื“ื•ืขื™ื ื’ื ื›ื‘ื•ืœืขื™ UV

ื‘ื•ืœืขื™ ืงืจื™ื ื” ืื•ืœื˜ืจื” ืกื’ื•ืœื” (UV) ืžื•ื ืขื™ื ืืช ืฉื—ื™ืงืชื• ืืจื•ื›ืช ื”ื˜ื•ื•ื— ืฉืœ ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง ื”ื ื—ืฉืฃ ืœืฉืžืฉ. ื™ืฉื ื ืกื•ื’ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื‘ื•ืœืขื™ื ืฉืชืœื•ื™ื™ื ื‘ืžื˜ืจืชื, ื‘ื“ืจ"ื› ื‘ื•ืœืขื™ ื”UV ืกื•ืคื’ื™ื ืืช ื”ืงืจื™ื ื” ื•ื‘ื›ืš ืžื’ื ื™ื ืขืœ ื”ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง ื‘ื• ื”ื ืžื•ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื.

ืกืจื˜ื•ืŸ ื™ืฉืจืืœื™ ื”ืžืกื›ื ืืช ื›ืœ ืกื•ื’ื™ ื”ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง ืขืœ ืกื›ื ื•ืชื™ื”ื ื•ื™ืชืจื•ื ื

ื”ืื ื”ืฆืžื—ื™ื ืกื•ืคื’ื™ื ืืช ื”ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื”ืžืกื•ื›ื ื™ื ืฉื ืคืœื˜ื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืงื™ื ืฉืื™ื ื ื‘ื“ืจื’ ืžื–ื•ืŸ?

ืœืื—ืจ ืฉื”ืคืจื“ื ื• ื•ื”ื‘ื ื• ืื™ืœื• ืžื”ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืงื™ื ืคื•ืœื˜ื™ื ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื•ืื™ืœื• ืœื, ื”ืฉืืœื” ื”ื‘ืื” ื”ืžืชื‘ืงืฉืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืžื’ื“ืœ ื”ื”ื™ื“ืจื•ืคื•ื ื™ ื”ื™ื: ื”ืื ื”ืฆืžื— 'ืœื•ืงื—' ืืช ืื•ืชื ื”ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื•ื ื™ื–ื•ืŸ ืžื”ื, ืื• ืฉืžื ื”ื•ื ื™ื•ื“ืข ืœืกื ืŸ ื•ืœื”ืคืจื™ื“ ื‘ื™ืŸ 'ืžื–ื•ืŸ' ืœื‘ื™ืŸ 'ืคืกื•ืœืช'.

ื•ื‘ื›ืŸ, ื”ืชืฉื•ื‘ื” ืœืฉืืœื” ื”ื–ื• ื ื•ื’ืขืช ื‘ื™ื›ื•ืœืชื• ืฉืœ ื”ืฆืžื— ืœ'ืกืคื•ื’' ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ืจืขื™ืœื™ื ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ื›ืœืœื™ ื•ืืช ื”ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื”ืจืขื™ืœื™ื ืฉื ืคืœื˜ื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืงื™ื ืฉืื™ื ื ืžื“ืจื’ ืžื–ื•ืŸ ื‘ืคืจื˜.

ื”ืฆืžื—ื™ื ืฉื•ืื‘ื™ื ืžื”ืžื™ื ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื”ืžื•ืžืกื™ื ื‘ื”ื, ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื ืžื™ื ืจืœื™ื, ืžื™ืงืจื• ืืœืžื ื˜ื™ื, ืžืชื›ื•ืช ื›ื‘ื“ื•ืช ืื• ืจืขืœื ื™ื. ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ ื”ื ืžืกื•ื’ืœื™ื ืืฃ ืœืกืคื•ื’ ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ืžืกื•ื’ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ื“ืจืš ื”ืื•ื™ืจ ื•ืžื—ืงืจ ืฉืœ ื ืืก"ืย ืžืฆื ืฉื”ื ืžืฉืžืฉื™ื ื›ืคื™ืœื˜ืจ ืœ85% ืžื”ืžื–ื”ืžื™ื ื”ื ืžืฆืื™ื ื‘ืื•ื™ืจ ืฉื›ื•ืœืœื™ื ื’ื ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ื™ืชืจ ื‘ื ื–ืŸ ื•ืคื—ืžืŸ ื—ื“ ื—ืžืฆื ื™.
ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ื”ืกืคื™ื’ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืฆืžื—ื™ื ืืช ื”ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื”ืœืœื• ืžื•ืชื ื™ืช ื‘ื’ื•ื“ืœ ื”ืžื•ืœืงื•ืœื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื—ื•ืžืจ ื”ืžื•ืžืก ื‘ืžื™ื ื•ื™ืฉื ื ืžืงืจื™ื ืžืฆืขืจื™ื ื•ืžื—ืงืจื™ื ื”ืžืฆื‘ื™ืขื™ื ืขืœ ื›ืš ืฉืœืœื ืกืคืง, ืฆืžื—ื™ื ืื™ื ื ื‘ื•ืจืจื™ื ื‘ื™ืŸ ืžืงื•ืจ ื”ื–ื ื” 'ื˜ื•ื‘' ืœ'ืจืข'.

ื›ืš ืœืžืฉืœ ืขื™ื™ืจื” ืงื˜ื ื” ื•ืคืกื˜ื•ืจืœื™ืช ื‘ื“ืจื•ื ืื™ื˜ืœื™ื” ืฉืžื•ื ื” 39,000 ื‘ื ื™ ืื“ื ื•ื™ืœื“ ืขื ืกืจื˜ืŸ ืœื ื ืจืื” ื‘ื” ืœืคื ื™, ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ื—ื•ื•ื” ืชืงื•ืคื” ื˜ืจืื•ืžื˜ื™ืช ื•ืงืฉื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื›ืฉื™ืœื“ื™ื, ื ืฉื™ื ื•ืžื‘ื•ื’ืจื™ื ื—ื•ืœื™ื ื‘ืฉืœืœ ืžื—ืœื•ืช ืกื•ืคื ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื ื ืจืฆื” ืœืฆืขืจ ืืชื›ื ืขื ืชื™ืื•ืจื™ื ืื•ื“ื•ืชืŸ, ืœืื—ืจ ืฉื”ืžืืคื™ื” ืคื™ื–ืจื” ืคืกื•ืœืช ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง ื•ื›ื™ืžื™ืงืืœื™ื ืขืœ ืื“ืžื” ื—ืงืœืื™ืช ืกืžื•ื›ื”.

ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ,ย ื‘ืžื—ืงืจ ืฉื ืขืจืš ื‘ืžื™ืžื•ืŸ ื”ืงืจืŸ ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ืช ืœืžื“ืขื™ ื”ื˜ื‘ืข ืฉืœ ืกื™ืŸ, ืžื“ืขื ื™ื ื‘ืื•ื ื™ื‘ืจืกื™ื˜ื” ื”ื—ืงืœืื™ืช ื ืื ื’'ื™ื ื’ ื‘ื“ืงื• ืืช ืคื™ื–ื•ืจ ื”ืžื–ื”ืžื™ื ื‘ืฉื•ืจืฉื™ ืขืฉื‘ ื“ื’ื ื™ ืžืกื•ื’ ื–ื•ืŸ ืžืฉื›ืจ. ืžื—ืงืจื™ื ืงื•ื“ืžื™ื ื”ืจืื• ื›ื™ ืคื˜ืจื™ื” ืžื–ื”ืžืช ืืฉืจ ื ืงืฉืจื” ืœืฉื•ืจืฉื™ ื”ืฆืžื— ื”ื™ื™ืชื” ืื—ืจืื™ืช ืขืœ ืกืคื™ื’ืชื ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ืจืขื™ืœื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื•, ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืžื—ืงืจ ื”ืคืขื ื”ืชืžืงื“ ื‘ืจืžื” ื”ืชืช-ืชืื™ืช, ืขืœ ืคืขื•ืœื•ืชื™ื• ื•ืคื™ื–ื•ืจื ืฉืœ ื”ืจืขืœื ื™ื ื‘ืฆืžื— ื›ืฉื”ืคื˜ืจื™ื” ื ืžืฆืืช ื‘ืฉื•ืจืฉื™ื•. ื”ืชื•ืฆืื•ืช ื”ืจืื• ื›ื™ ืื›ืŸ ื”ืฆืžื— ืกืคื’ ื•ืคื™ื–ืจ ืืช ื”ืจืขืœื ื™ื (acenaphthene) ื‘ื™ืŸ ืชืื™ื•. ืขื•ื‘ื“ื” ื–ื• ืžืฆื‘ื™ืขื” ืขืœ ื›ืš ืฉื”ืฆืžื— ืœื ื‘ื”ื›ืจื— ืžืคืจืง ื•ื ืคื˜ืจ ืžื”ืจืขืœืŸ ืืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ื’ื ืคืฉื•ื˜ ืœืคื–ืจื• ื‘ื™ืŸ ืชืื™ ื”ืฆืžื— ื•ื‘ื›ืš ืœื”ืคื•ืš ืื•ืชื• ืœื–ืžื™ืŸ ืœืฆืจื™ื›ื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžื™ ืฉื ื™ื–ื•ืŸ ืžืžื ื•.

ื‘ื ื•ื’ืข ืœื—ืœืงื” ื”ืฉื ื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืฉืืœื” – ื”ืื ื”ืฆืžื— ื™ืงืœื•ื˜ ืืช ื”ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื”ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื”ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ื™ื ื”ื ืคืœื˜ื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืงื™ื ืฉืื™ื ื ื“ืจื’ ืžื–ื•ืŸ, ื ื›ื•ืŸ ืœืขื›ืฉื™ื• ืื™ืŸ ืžื—ืงืจ ื ืงื•ื“ืชื™ ืฉื ืขืฉื” ืขืœ ื”ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื”ืœืœื•, ืืš ื”ื”ื™ื’ื™ื•ืŸ ืื•ืžืจ ืฉื”ืฆืžื— ื™ืงืœื•ื˜ ื›ืœ ืžื•ืœืงื•ืœื” ืงื˜ื ื” ื•ื ื•ื—ื” ืžืกืคื™ืง.

ื”ืžืงืจื™ื ื•ื”ืžื—ืงืจ ืฉื”ื–ื›ืจื ื• ืœืขื™ืœ ื”ื ืจืง ืขื“ื•ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื•ื“ื“ื•ืช ืœื›ืš ืฉื”ืฆืžื— ืœื ื‘ืืžืช ื‘ื•ืจืจ ืžื” ื ืžืฆื ื‘ืชืžื™ืกื” ืžืžื ื” ื”ื•ื ื ื™ื–ื•ืŸ (ื”ื“ื‘ืจ ื ื›ื•ืŸ ื’ื ืœื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ื‘ืื“ืžื”) ื•ืœื›ืŸ ืชืคืงื™ื“ื ื• ื›ืžื’ื“ืœื™ื ืœื•ื•ื“ื ืฉื”ืชืžื™ืกื” ืžื›ื™ืœื” ืจืง ืืช ื”ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ืื•ืชื ืื ื• ืจื•ืฆื™ื ืœื”ืขื ื™ืง ืœื•. ืขืœ ื›ืŸ, ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืงื™ื ื‘ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ื”ื™ื“ืจื•ืคื•ื ื™ ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ืฉื›ืœ ื•ื—ื›ื ื•ื™ืฉ ืœื‘ื“ื•ืง ืœืคื ื™ ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง ืžืกื•ื™ื™ื, ื”ืื ื”ื•ื ื™ืคืœื•ื˜ ืœืื•ืจืš ื–ืžืŸ ื•ื‘ื—ืฉื™ืคื” ืœืฉืžืฉ ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ืฉื™ืกื›ื ื• ืืช ื”ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ืฉืœ ืฆืจื›ื ื™ ื”ื™ืจืงื•ืช ืฉื™ื’ื“ืœื• ื‘ื•.

ืœืกื™ื›ื•ื, ืกื•ื’ื™ ื”ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง ื”ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื”ื™ื“ืจื•ืคื•ื ื™ืงื” ื”ื ืกื•ื’ 2, 5 ื•UPVC. ื”ืฉืชื“ืœื• ืœื”ืงืคื™ื“ ืขืœ ื›ืš ื•ืœื“ืจื•ืฉ ืœืจืื•ืช ืชืงื ื™ ืžื–ื•ืŸ ื”ื™ื›ืŸ ืฉื™ืฉ ืกืคืง ื‘ืืฉืจ ืœื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ืœื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช.

Moadon Popup 7 Sec Mobile

ื”ืจืฉืžื” ืœืžื•ืขื“ื•ืŸ ืœืงื•ื—ื•ืช
Holler Box

Moadon Popup Exit Intent Desktop

ื”ืจืฉืžื” ืœืžื•ืขื“ื•ืŸ ืœืงื•ื—ื•ืช
Holler Box
ืฉืชืคื• ืืช ื”ืขื’ืœื” ืฉืœื›ื
ืคืชื— ื•ื•ื˜ืกืืค
ื“ื‘ืจื• ืื™ืชื ื• ื‘ื•ื•ื˜ืกืืค ๐Ÿ’ฌ
ื”ื™ื™ ืฉื ๐Ÿ‘‹
ืจืง ืจืฆื™ื ื• ืœื”ื–ื›ื™ืจ ืฉืื ื™ืฉ ืœืš ืฉืืœื” ืื ื—ื ื• ื–ืžื™ื ื™ื ื’ื ื›ืืŸ ื‘ื•ื•ื˜ืกืืค.