ืžื•ืœื™ื›ื•ืช ื—ืฉืžืœื™ืช ื•ื“ื™ืฉื•ืŸ ื”ื™ื“ืจื•ืคื•ื ื™: ืื™ืš ืžื“ืฉื ื™ื, ืื™ืš ืžื•ื“ื“ื™ื ื•ืžื” ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื“ืขืช

ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ื”ื™ื“ืจื•ืคื•ื ื™ ืžืกื—ืจื™ - ืžืืžืจ ืขืœ ื“ื™ืฉื•ืŸ ื•ืื™ื–ื•ืŸ ืžื•ืœื™ื›ื•ืช ื—ืฉืžืœื™ืช

ื”ื“ืฉืŸ ื”ื”ื™ื“ืจื•ืคื•ื ื™ ืื•ืชื• ืื ื• ืžืกืคืงื™ื ืœืฆืžื—ื™ื ืžืขื ื™ืง ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ืืœืžื ื˜ื™ื ื•ื”ืžื™ื ืจืœื™ื ื”ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ื™ื ืขื‘ื•ืจื ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ื–ืžื™ืŸ ืžื™ื™ื“ื™ืช ืืฉืจ ืžื‘ื˜ื™ื— ืฆืžื™ื—ื” ืžื™ื˜ื‘ื™ืช. ืืš ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžืงืกื ืืช ื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื”ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ื”ื”ื™ื“ืจื•ืคื•ื ื™, ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœืœืžื•ื“, ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ื•ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืžื“ ืžื•ืœื™ื›ื•ืช ื—ืฉืžืœื™ืช ื“ื™ื’ื™ื˜ืœื™ ืฉื™ืขื–ื•ืจ ืœื ื• ืœืžื“ื•ื“ ื‘ื›ืœ ืจื’ืข ื ืชื•ืŸ ืืช ืžืฆื‘ ื”ืžื™ื ืœื•ื•ื“ื ืฉืขืจื›ื™ ื”ื“ื™ืฉื•ืŸ ื‘ื”ื ืื›ืŸ ืžืื•ื–ื ื™ื. ืžื” ืžื•ื“ื“ื™ื? ืื™ืš? ืžืชื™? ื•ืขื•ื“ ื”ืจื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื‘ืžื“ืจื™ืš ืœืžื’ื“ืœ ื”ื”ื™ื“ืจื•ืคื•ื ื™.

ืžื™ื ืžื–ื•ืงืงื™ื, ืื™ื ื ืžื•ืœื™ื›ื™ื ื—ืฉืžืœื™ืช ื•ืœื›ืŸ ืขืจืš ื”EC (Electric Conductivity) ืฉืœื”ื ื™ื”ื™ื” 0 ืื• ืžืื•ื“ ืงืจื•ื‘ ืœื–ื” (ืœืžืฉืœ ืžื™ ืื•ืกืžื•ื–ื” ื”ืคื•ื›ื”). ืœืขื•ืžืช ื–ืืช ื”ื“ืฉืŸ ื”ื”ื™ื“ืจื•ืคื•ื ื™ ืžื›ื™ืœ ืžื™ื ืจืœื™ื ื‘ืฆื•ืจืช ืžืœื—ื™ื, ืฉืžืชืžื•ืกืกื™ื ื‘ืžื™ื ื•ื‘ื”ื—ืœื˜ ืžื•ืกื™ืคื™ื ืœืžื•ืœื™ื›ื•ืช ื”ื—ืฉืžืœื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžื™ื, ื•ื›ื›ืœ ืฉื™ืฉ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื™ื•ื ื™ ืžื™ื ืจืœื™ื (ื“ืฉื ื™ื) ืžื•ืžืกื™ื ื‘ืžื™ื, ื›ืš ืขืจืš ื”ืžื•ืœื™ื›ื•ืช ื”ื—ืฉืžืœื™ืช (EC) ืฉืœื ื• ื™ืขืœื”, ื•ื›ื›ืœ ืฉื”ืชืžื™ืกื” ืžื“ื•ืœืœืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ื›ืš ืขืจืš ื”EC ื™ื”ื™ื” ื ืžื•ืš ื™ื•ืชืจ.ย 

ืžื“ ืžื•ืœื™ื›ื•ืช ื—ืฉืžืœื™ืช, ืžื•ื›ืจ ื’ื ื›ืžื“ EC, ื”ื™ื ื• ืžื›ืฉื™ืจ ืคืฉื•ื˜ ื•ืืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ ืœืžื“ื™ื“ืช ื›ืžื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ื“ืฉืŸ ื”ื™ื—ืกื™ ื‘ืชื•ืš ื”ืžื™ื ืฉืœื ื•. ื ืฉืชื“ืœ ืฉืœื ืœื”ืœืื•ืช ื‘ื ื•ืกื—ืื•ืช, ืžื•ื ื—ื™ื ืื• ืžื“ื“ื™ื ืžืงื‘ื™ืœื™ื ื•ื ืชืžืงื“ ื›ืืŸ, ืขื“ ื›ืžื” ืฉื ื™ืชืŸ, ื‘ืฉื•ืจื” ื”ืชื—ืชื•ื ื” ืฉื”ืžื’ื“ืœ ื”ื”ื™ื“ืจื•ืคื•ื ื™ ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื“ืขืช.ย 

ื“ื™ืฉื•ืŸ ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœืฆืจื›ื™ ื”ืฆืžื— ื•ืฉืœื‘ื™ ื”ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ืฉืœื•

ืื—ืช ื”ื˜ืขื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ื ืคื•ืฆื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืžื’ื“ืœื™ื ื”ื™ื“ืจื•ืคื•ื ื™ื ืžืชื—ื™ืœื™ื ืขื•ืฉื™ื ื”ื™ื ื“ื™ืฉื•ืŸ ื™ืชืจ. ืฆืžื—ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ืžืขื“ื™ืคื™ื ืจืžื•ืช ื“ืฉืŸ ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ื•ื›ืœ ื”ืฆืžื—ื™ื ืžืขื“ื™ืคื™ื ืจืžื•ืช ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ื›ื›ืœ ืฉื”ื ืžืชืงื“ืžื™ื ื‘ืฉืœื‘ื™ ื”ืฆืžื™ื—ื” ืฉืœื”ื. ื›ืš ืœืžืฉืœ, ืฆืžื—ื™ื ื‘ืฉืœื‘ ื”ื•ื’ื˜ื˜ื™ื‘ื™ (ืฉืœื‘ ื”ืฆืžื™ื—ื”) ื™ืขื“ื™ืคื• ืจืžื•ืช ื“ืฉืŸ ื ืžื•ื›ื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ ื”ืชืžื™ืกื” ืฉืœื ื• ืชื”ื™ื” ืžื“ื•ืœืœืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืžื™ื. EC ื‘ืจืžื•ืช ื”ื ืžื•ื›ื•ืช-ื‘ื™ื ื•ื ื™ื•ืช, ืžืงื“ื ืืช ืืช ื”ืฆืžื™ื—ื” ื”ื•ื’ื˜ื˜ื™ื‘ื™ืช ื•ืžืงืœ ืขืœ ื”ืฆืžื—ื™ื ื”ืฆืขื™ืจื™ื ื‘ืชื”ืœื™ืš ืกืคื™ื’ืช ื”ืžื™ื ื•ื”ื ื•ื˜ืจื™ื™ื ื˜ื™ื.

ื›ืžื•ืช ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ืžื“ื™ ืฉืœ ื“ืฉืŸ, ืขืœื•ืœื” 'ืœื—ื ื•ืง' ืืช ื”ืฆืžื—ื™ื ื•ืœื”ืื˜ ืืช ืงืฆื‘ ื”ื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืช ืฉืœื”ื ื•ืืฃ ืœืคื’ื•ืข ื‘ื•, ื•ื–ืืช ืžืฉื•ื ืฉื›ื›ืœ ืฉื”ืชืžื™ืกื” ื”ื•ืคื›ืช ืœืžืœื•ื—ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ืฆืžื—ื™ื ืžืชืงืฉื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืฆืจื•ืš ืืช ื”ืžื™ื, ืื ื”EC ื™ื”ืคื•ืš ืœื’ื‘ื•ื” ืžื“ื™, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื‘ืชื ืื™ ืืงืœื™ื ื—ืžื™ื, ื™ืชื›ืŸ ืžืื•ื“ ืฉื”ืฆืžื—ื™ื ืœื ื™ืฆืœื™ื—ื• ืœืฆืจื•ืš ื›ืžื•ืช ืžืกืคืงืช ืฉืœ ืžื™ื ืืคื™ืœื• ืœืฆืจื›ื™ื ื”ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ื™ื ืฉืœื”ื. ื”ืขืœื™ื ื™ืชื—ื™ืœื• ืœืงืžื•ืœ, ืงืฆื•ืชื™ื”ื ื™ื”ืคื›ื• ื—ื•ืžื™ื, ื•ื‘ืฉืœื‘ ื”ื–ื”, ืื ื”ื‘ืขื™ื” ืœื ืชื™ืคืชืจ ื‘ืžื™ื™ื“ื™, ื”ืžืœื— ื™ืชื—ื™ืœ 'ืœืฉืื•ื‘' ืืช ื”ืžื™ื ืžืฉื•ืจืฉื™ ื”ืฆืžื—ื™ื ืืฉืจ ื™ื’ืจื•ื ืœื ื‘ื™ืœืช ื”ืฆืžื—.

ืžื“ EC (ืžื“ ืžื•ืœื™ื›ื•ืช ื—ืฉืžืœื™ืช) ืžื•ืฆื™ื ืืช ืืœืžื ื˜ ื”ื ื™ื—ื•ืฉ ืžื“ื™ืฉื•ืŸ ื”ืžืขืจื›ื•ืช ื”ื”ื™ื“ืจื•ืคื•ื ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื›ื.

ื‘ืจื•ื‘ ื”ืžืงืจื™ื, ืขืจืš ื”EC ืฉืœ ืชืžื™ืกืช ื“ืฉืŸ ื‘ืขืœืช ื—ื•ื–ืง ืžืœื ื”ืžื™ื•ืขื“ ืœืฉืœื‘ื™ ื”ืคืจื™ื—ื” ื•ื”ืคืจื™, ื™ืขืžื•ื“ ืขืœ ื›1.8 – 2.2 ื•ืื™ืœื• ื‘ืฉืœื‘ ื”ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ื”ื•ื’ื˜ื˜ื™ื‘ื™ (ืฉืœ ื”ืฆืžื™ื—ื”) ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ืขืจืš ื–ื” ื‘ื˜ื•ื•ื— ื”1.2-1.6. ื‘ืžื™ื“ื” ื•ืขืจืš ื”EC ืฉืœื›ื ืขื•ืœื” ืžืขืœ ื”ื˜ื•ื•ื— ื”ืจืฆื•ื™ ืœืฆืžื—, ืคืฉื•ื˜ ื”ื•ืกื™ืคื• ืžื™ื ื•ื“ืœืœื• ืืช ื”ืชืžื™ืกื” ืœืขืจื›ื™ื ื”ืจืฆื•ื™ื™ื. ื‘ืžื™ื“ื” ื•ืขืจืš ื”EC ื ืžื•ืš ืžื“ื™, ืคืฉื•ื˜ ื”ื•ืกื™ืคื• ืขื•ื“ ื“ืฉืŸ.

ื“ื™ืฉื•ืŸ ื”ื™ื“ืจื•ืคื•ื ื™ ื‘ืฉืœื‘ ื”ืคืจื™ื—ื” ื•ื—ื ื™ื˜ืช ื”ืคืจื™

ืขื’ื‘ื ื™ื” ื”ื™ื“ืจื•ืคื•ื ื™ืช - ื“ื™ืฉื•ืŸ

ืฆืžื—ื™ื ื‘ื•ื’ืจื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ ืขื EC ื‘ืขื•ืฆืžื” ื”ืžืœืื” ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ื ื ื›ื ืกื™ื ืœืฉืœื‘ ื”ืคืจื™ื—ื” ื•ื—ื ื™ื˜ืช ื”ืคืจื™. ืœืžืขืฉื”, ื™ืฉ ืงืฉืจ ื™ืฉื™ืจ ื•ืคืจื•ืคื•ืจืฆื™ื•ื ืœื™ ื‘ื™ืŸ ืจืžื•ืช ื”EC ืœืื—ื•ื–ื™ ื”ืกื•ื›ืจื™ื ื‘ืคืจื™. ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืขืœืื” ื”ื“ืจื’ืชื™ืช ืฉืœ ืขืจื›ื™ ื”EC (ื›ืžื•ื™ื•ืช ื“ืฉืŸ) ื‘ืฉืœื‘ ื”ืคืจื™ื—ื”, ื”ืฆืžื—ื™ื ืžืชืืžืฆื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ื›ื“ื™ ืœืกืคื•ื’ ืืช ื”ืžื™ื ื•ื‘ืชื’ื•ื‘ื” ืœื›ืš ืกื•ื›ืจื™ื ืžืชื—ื™ืœื™ื ืœื”ืชืจื›ื– ื‘ืคืจื™ ื•ื”ืฆืžื— ืžืชื—ื™ืœ ืœื™ื™ืฆืจ ื ื•ื’ื“ื™ ื—ืžืฆื•ืŸ ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ื›ื”ื’ื ื” ืœืฆืžื—, ื›ืชื’ื•ื‘ื” ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ืœื™ื›ื•ืœื•ืช ืกืคื™ื’ืช ืžื™ื ืžื•ื’ื‘ืœื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ. ื‘ืžื™ืœื™ื ืื—ืจื•ืช, ื›ื›ืœ ืฉื™ืฉ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืœื—, ื”ืฆืžื— ืžื ืกื” ืœื™ื™ืฆืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืกื•ื›ืจโ€ฆ.ย 

ื—ื•ืงืจื™ื ืžืื•ื ื™ื‘ืจืกื™ื˜ืช ืืจื™ื–ื•ื ื” ื”ืฆืœื™ื—ื• ืœื”ื›ืคื™ืœ ืืช ืชื›ื•ืœืช ื”ืœื™ืงื•ืคืŸ (ืคื™ื’ืžื ื˜ ืื“ื•ื) ืฉืœ ืขื’ื‘ื ื™ื•ืช ื•ื”ื’ื“ื™ืœื• ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืž50% ืืช ืจืžื•ืช ื•ื™ื˜ืžื™ืŸ C ื•ื—ื•ืžืฆื•ืช ืื•ืจื’ื ื™ื•ืช ืื—ืจื•ืช, ื•ื›ืœ ื–ื” ื‘ืขื–ืจืช ื”ืขืœืืช ื”EC ืœ-5 (ืžืงื•ืจ).

ืืš ื™ืฉ ืคื” ื’ื ืงืืฆ' ืงื˜ืŸ, ืคื™ืจื•ืช ื”ืžื’ื•ื“ืœื™ื ื‘ืจืžื•ืช EC ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื•ืช ื ื•ื˜ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืงื˜ื ื™ื ื•ืฆืคื•ืคื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ (ื‘ืขืœื™ ืจื™ื›ื•ื– ืกื•ื›ืจ ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืืš ืจื™ื›ื•ื–ื™ ืžื™ื ื ืžื•ื›ื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ) ื•ื™ื™ืชื›ืŸ ืฉืชื”ื™ื” ื™ืจื™ื“ื” ื›ื•ืœืœืช ื‘ื™ื‘ื•ืœ. ืœื›ืŸ, ืžื’ื“ืœื™ื ืžืกื—ืจื™ื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืœื ื™ื’ื“ืœื• ื‘ืจืžื•ืช EC ื›ื” ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื•ืช ื•ื™ืขื“ื™ืคื• ืœื”ืงืจื™ื‘ ืืช ื”ืื™ื›ื•ืช ื•ื”ื˜ืขื ื”ืกื•ืคื™ ื•ืœืžืงืกื ืืช ื”ื™ื‘ื•ืœ.

ืชื“ื™ืจื•ืช ืื™ื–ื•ืŸ ืžื•ืœื™ื›ื•ืช ื—ืฉืžืœื™ืช ืžื•ืžืœืฆืช

ื“ื™ืฉื•ืŸ ื”ื™ื“ืจื•ืคื•ื ื™

ื”ืฉื•ืจื” ื”ืชื—ืชื•ื ื”, ืœืชื•ืฆืื•ืช ืžืงืกื™ืžืœื™ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื“ืงื• ืืช ืจืžื•ืช ื”EC ืฉืœื›ื ื‘ื›ืœ ื™ื•ื, ืœืชื•ืฆืื•ืช ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืช ืขืฉื• ื–ืืช ืœืคื—ื•ืช ืคืขื ื‘ืฉื‘ื•ืข.

ื•ื‘ื”ืจื—ื‘ื”: ืจืžื•ืช ื”EC ืฉืœื›ื ื™ืฉืชื ื• ืžื“ื™ ื™ื•ื, ื•ื›ืš ืœื“ื•ื’ืžื, ื‘ื™ื•ื ื—ื ืขื ืœื—ื•ืช ื ืžื•ื›ื”, ื”ืฆืžื—ื™ื ื™ืจืฆื• ืœืกืคื•ื’ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื™ื ื•ื‘ื›ืš ื™ืขืœื• ืืช ืจื™ื›ื•ื–ื™ ื”EC ื‘ืชืžื™ืกื”…ื‘ื™ื•ื ื›ื–ื” ืชืฆื˜ืจื›ื• ืœืื–ืŸ ืืช ื”ืชืžื™ืกื” ืขื ืžื™ื ื ืงื™ื™ื.

ืœืขื•ืžืช ื–ืืช, ื‘ืชืงื•ืคื” ื‘ื” ื”ืฆืžื—ื™ื ืฉืœื›ื ืžื ื™ื‘ื™ื ื›ืžื•ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืคืจื™, ื“ืจื™ืฉื•ืช ื”ืชื–ื•ื ื” ืฉืœื”ื ื™ืขืœื•, ื•ื”ื ื™ื ืกื• ืœืกืคื•ื’ ื›ืžื•ื™ื•ืช ืžื™ื ืจืœื™ื ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ื™ื—ืกื™ ืœืžื™ื. ื‘ืžืงืจื” ื›ื–ื”, ืจืžื•ืช ื”EC ื ื•ื˜ื•ืช ืœืจื“ืช. ื‘ืžืฆื‘ ื›ื–ื” ืจืฆื•ื™ ืœื”ื•ืกื™ืฃ ืขื•ื“ ืงืฆืช ื“ืฉืŸ ืœืื—ืจ ืžื™ืœื•ื™ ื”ืžืื’ืจ, ื•ืžื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉื‘ืชืงื•ืคืช ื”ืคืจื™ื—ื” ืฆืžื—ื™ื ืฆื•ืจื›ื™ื ื›ืžื•ื™ื•ืช ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืืฉืœื’ืŸ (ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ื™ื—ืกื™), ืชื’ื‘ื•ืจ ืฉืœ ื“ืฉืŸ ืžื‘ื•ืกืก ืืฉืœื’ืŸ ื™ืฉื™ื‘ ืœืžื™ื ืืช ืžื” ืฉื”ืฆืžื—ื™ื ืฆื•ืจื›ื™ื.

ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœืฆื™ื™ืŸ, ืฉืžื’ื“ืœื™ื ื—ื•ื‘ื‘ื ื™ื ื‘ื”ื—ืœื˜ ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื•ืจื™ื“ ืืช ืชื“ื™ืจื•ืช ื”ื‘ื“ื™ืงื•ืช ืœืื—ืช ืœืžืกืคืจ ื™ืžื™ื ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ืื—ืช ืœืฉื‘ื•ืข, ืืš ื‘ื”ื—ืœื˜ ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœืฉื™ื ืœื–ื” ืœื‘.

ื”ื—ืœืคืช ื”ืžื™ื ื‘ืžืื’ืจ ื•ื—ื™ื“ื•ืฉ ื”ืชืžื™ืกื”

ื‘ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ืชื”ืœื™ืš ืฆืžื™ื—ื” ืชืงื™ืŸ ืขืœื™ื›ื ืœืจื•ืงืŸ ืืช ื”ืžืื’ืจ ื•ืœืจืขื ืŸ ืืช ื”ืชืžื™ืกื” ื”ืชื–ื•ื ืชื™ืช ืฉืœื›ื ืขืœ ื‘ืกื™ืก ืงื‘ื•ืข.

ืฆืžื—ื™ื ื ื™ื–ื•ื ื™ื ืžื™ื—ืกื™ื ื•ืจืžื•ืช ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื™ื•ื ื™ื ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ืฉืœื‘ื™ ื”ืฆืžื™ื—ื” ื”ืฉื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœื”ื. ืœื›ืŸ, ืขื ื”ื–ืžืŸ, ื”ืชืžื™ืกื” ื”ืชื–ื•ื ืชื™ืช ืฉืœื ื• ื”ื•ืคื›ืช ืœืœื ืžืื•ื–ื ืช ืžื‘ื—ื™ื ืช ื”ื”ืจื›ื‘ ื”ืžื™ื ืจืœื™ ืฉืœื”. ืงืจื™ืืช ืขืจืš EC ื‘ืžื“ ื”ืžื•ืœื™ื›ื•ืช ืฉืœื ื• ืœื ื™ืขื–ื•ืจ ืœื ื• ื”ืจื‘ื” ื‘ืžืฆื‘ ื›ื–ื”, ืžื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉืžื“ EC ืžื’ืœื” ืœื ื• ืจืžืช ืกืš ื”ืžื™ื ืจืœื™ื ื”ืžื•ืžืกื™ื ื‘ืžื™ื, ืืš ื”ื•ื ืœื ืžืจืื” ืœื ื• ืืช ื”ื™ื—ืกื™ื ื‘ื™ืŸ ื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ืžื”ืžื™ื ืจืœื™ื ื”ืืœื”. ืœื›ืŸ, ื’ื ืื ืขืจืš ื”EC ืฉืœื ื• ื™ื”ื™ื” ืžื•ืฉืœื, ื”ืชืžื™ืกื” ื”ืชื–ื•ื ืชื™ืช ืฉืœื ื• ืขืœื•ืœื” ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื—ืกืจื” ื‘ืื—ื“ ืื• ืžืกืคืจ ืžืจื›ื™ื‘ื™ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ื™ื ืœื”ืžืฉืš ืฆืžื™ื—ื” ืชืงื™ืŸ. ื—ืœืง ืžื”ืžื™ื ืจืœื™ื ืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ืฆื˜ื‘ืจ ื‘ื›ืžื•ื™ื•ืช ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื•ืช ืžื“ื™ ืœืื•ืจืš ื–ืžืŸ, ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืžื™ื ืจืœื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ืชื“ืœืœ.

ืœื›ืŸ ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืื—ืช ืœื›ืžื” ื–ืžืŸ ืœื”ื—ืœื™ืฃ ืœื—ืœื•ื˜ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ืžื™ื ื‘ืžืื’ืจ. ืœืงื‘ืœืช ื”ืชื•ืฆืื•ืช ื”ืžื™ื˜ื‘ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื”ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ืฉืœื›ื, ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœื”ื—ืœื™ืฃ ืืช ื”ืžื™ื ืื—ืช ืœ7-10 ื™ืžื™ื, ืืš ืœื—ื•ื‘ื‘ื ื™ื ืฉื‘ื™ื ื™ื›ื, ืื—ืช ืœื—ื•ื“ืฉ ืื• ืืคื™ืœื• ืื—ืช ืœืžื—ื–ื•ืจ (ื›ืœ ืคืขื ืฉืžื—ืœื™ืคื™ื ืฆืžื—ื™ื) ื”ื™ื ืชืงื•ืคื” ื‘ื”ื—ืœื˜ ืžืกืคืงืช.

EC ื•ื“ืฉื ื™ื ืื•ืจื’ื ื™ื™ื

ืžื“ EC ื”ื™ื ื• ื›ืœื™ ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ื‘ืืจื’ื– ื”ื›ืœื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืžื’ื“ืœ ื”ื”ื™ื“ืจื•ืคื•ื ื™, ืืš ื”ื•ื ืœื ื™ื”ื™ื” ืืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ ื›ืืฉืจ ืื ื• ื ื‘ื—ืจ ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ื“ืฉื ื™ื ืื•ืจื’ื ื™ื™ื, ื”ืกื™ื‘ื” ืœื›ืš ื”ื™ื ืฉืžื•ืœืงื•ืœื•ืช ืื•ืจื’ื ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืื™ื ืŸ ืžื•ืœื™ื›ื•ืช ื—ืฉืžืœ.

ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœืฆื™ื™ืŸ ืฉืฆืžื—ื™ื ืื™ื ื ื ื™ื–ื•ื ื™ื ืžื”ืžื•ืœืงื•ืœื•ืช ื”ืื•ืจื’ื ื™ื•ืช ื”ืืœื” ื™ืฉื™ืจื•ืช. ืชื—ื™ืœื”, ื”ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื”ืื•ืจื’ื ื™ื™ื ื”ืืœื” ืฆืจื™ื›ื™ื ืœืขื‘ื•ืจ 'ืขื™ื›ื•ืœ' ืข"ื™ ื”ืžื™ืงืจื•ืื•ืจื’ื ื™ื–ืžื™ื ื”ื ืžืฆืื™ื ื‘ืžืฆืข ืฉืœื ื•, ืืฉืจ ื™ืคืจืงื• ืื•ืชื ืœื™ื•ื ื™ื ื–ืขื™ืจื™ื ืฉื™ื”ื™ื• ื–ืžื™ื ื™ื ืœืกืคื™ื’ื” ืข"ื™ ืฉื•ืจืฉื™ ื”ืฆืžื—ื™ื (ืชื”ืœื™ืš ื–ื” ื ืงืจื ืžื™ื ืจืœื™ื–ืฆื™ื”).

ืžื™ืงืจื•ืื•ืจื’ื ื™ื–ืžื™ื ืืœื” ืžื™ื™ืฆืจื™ื ื—ื•ืžืฆื•ืช ื•ืื ื–ื™ืžื™ื ืื•ืจื’ื ื™ื™ื ืฉืžืฉื—ืจืจื™ื ืืช ื™ื•ื ื™ ื”ืžื™ื ืจืœื™ื ืžื”ืื“ืžื” ื•ืžื”ื“ืฉื ื™ื ื”ืื•ืจื’ื ื™ื™ื ื•ื‘ื›ืš ื™ื•ืฆืจื™ื 'ื“ืฉืŸ' ื–ืžื™ืŸ ืœืกืคื™ื’ื” ืข"ื™ ื”ืฆืžื—. ื‘ืžื™ืœื™ื ืื—ืจื•ืช, ื‘ืžืขืจื›ื•ืช ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ืื•ืจื’ื ื™ื•ืช, ื”ื“ืฉื ื™ื ื”ืื•ืจื’ื ื™ื™ื ืžืื›ื™ืœื™ื ืืช ื”ืžื™ืงืจื•ืื•ืจื’ื ื™ื–ืžื™ื ื‘ืื“ืžื”, ื•ื‘ืชืžื•ืจื”, ื”ืžื™ืงืจื•ืื•ืจื’ื ื™ื–ืžื™ื ืžืื›ื™ืœื™ื ืืช ื”ืฆืžื—ื™ื ืฉื‘ืกื•ืฃ ืžืื›ื™ืœื™ื ืื•ืชื ื•. ื‘ืžืงืจื” ื›ื–ื”, ืจืง ื”ื™ื•ื ื™ื ื”ื–ืžื™ื ื™ื ืœืกืคื™ื’ื” ืข"ื™ ื”ืฆืžื— ื™ื”ื™ื• ื ื™ืชื ื™ื ืœืžื“ื™ื“ื”, ืžื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉืจืง ื‘ืžืฆื‘ ื”ื–ื” ื™ืฉ ืœื”ื ืžื•ืœื™ื›ื•ืช ื—ืฉืžืœื™ืช.ย 

ื”ื™ื“ืจื•ืคื•ื ื™ืงื” ืœืขื•ืžืช ื–ืืช ืžืงืฆืจืช ืืช ื”ืชื”ืœื™ืš ื”ื–ื”. ืœืจื•ื‘ ื”ื“ืฉื ื™ื ื”ื”ื™ื“ืจื•ืคื•ื ื™ื™ื ื™ื›ื™ืœื• ืžื™ื ืจืœื™ื ืฉื ื—ืฆื‘ื• ืžื”ืื“ืžื”, ืืฉืจ ืขื‘ืจื• ืขื™ื‘ื•ื“ ื‘ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื™ืื ืœืฆื•ืจืชื ื”ื™ื•ื ื™ืช ื”ืžืกื™ืกื” ื‘ืžื™ื.
ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ื“ืฉืŸ ื”ื”ื™ื“ืจื•ืคื•ื ื™ ืฉืœื ื• ืžืชืžื•ืกืก ื‘ืžื™ื, ื”ื™ื•ื ื™ื ืžื™ื“ ืžืชืคืฆืœื™ืย  ืœืชืขืจื•ื‘ืช ืžื–ื™ื ื” ืฉืœ ื™ื•ื ื™ื ื˜ืขื•ื ื™ื ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ื—ื™ื•ื‘ื™ ื•ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืฉืœื™ืœื™ ื•ื‘ื›ืš 'ืขื•ืงืคื™ื' ืืช ื”ืžื™ืงืจื•ืื•ืจื’ื ื™ื–ืžื™ื ื•ืžื–ื™ื ื™ื ืืช ื”ืฆืžื— ื™ืฉื™ืจื•ืช.

ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืืกืคืงืช ื›ืœ ื“ืจื™ืฉื•ืช ื”ืชื–ื•ื ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืฆืžื— ื‘ืฆื•ืจืช ื™ื•ื ื™ื ืžื•ืžืกื™ื ื‘ืžื™ื ืื ื• ืžืืคืฉืจื™ื ืœืฆืžื— ืœืกืคื•ื’ ืืช ื”ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื‘ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืจื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืžื” ืฉื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื™ื’ืจื•ื ืœืงืฆื‘ ืฆืžื™ื—ื” ื’ื‘ื•ื” ื‘ืžืขืœ 25% ืžื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ื‘ืื“ืžื” ื•ืœื”ื‘ืฉืœื” ืžื”ื™ืจื” ื™ื•ืชืจ.

ื˜ื™ืค ืœืžืงืฆื•ืขื ื™ื ื‘ืœื‘ื“:

ืฉืœื™ื˜ื” ืขืœ ืจืžื•ืช ื”EC ืฉืœื ื• ืžืืคืฉืจืช ืœื ื• ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ืœืฆืžื— ืœื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ ืขื ืชื ืื™ื ืกื‘ื™ื‘ืชื™ื™ื ืžืฉืชื ื™ื.
ื›ืš ืœืžืฉืœ, ื‘ืชื ืื™ ืืงืœื™ื ืงืจื™ืจื™ื, ื‘ืจืžื•ืช ืื•ืจ ื ืžื•ื›ื•ืช ื™ื—ืกื™ืช, ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืขืœื•ืช ืืช ืจืžื•ืช ื”EC ื‘ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ื‘ื™ืœ ืืช ื”ืฆืžื™ื—ื” ื”ื•ื’ื˜ื˜ื™ื‘ื™ืช (ืžื”ืกื™ื‘ื•ืช ืฉืฆื•ื™ื ื• ืžืขืœื”) ื•ื‘ื›ืš ืœื”ืคื—ื™ืช ืืช ื”ื ื˜ื™ื™ื” ืฉื”ื˜ื‘ืขื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืฆืžื— ืœื”ืชืžืชื— ื‘ืชื ืื™ ืืงืœื™ื ื›ืืœื”.

ืœืขื•ืžืช ื–ืืช, ื‘ื™ืžื™ื ื—ืžื™ื ืขื ืœื—ื•ืช ื ืžื•ื›ื”, ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ื•ืจื™ื“ ืืช ืจืžื•ืช ื”EC ื•ื‘ื›ืš ืœื”ืงืœ ืขืœ ื”ืฆืžื— ื•ืœืืคืฉืจ ืœื• ืœืกืคื•ื’ ื›ืžื•ื™ื•ืช ืžื™ื ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ.

ื•ื•ื™ืกื•ืช ืจืžื•ืช ื”EC ืชืืคืฉืจ ืœื ื• ืœืฉืœื•ื˜ ื’ื ืขืœ ืฉืœื‘ ื”ืฆืžื™ื—ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืฆืžื—, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ ืœื”ื’ื“ื™ืœ ืืช ื”ืชืคื•ืงื” ื”ื•ื’ื˜ื˜ื™ื‘ื™ืช ืื• ืœื”ื’ื‘ื™ืจ ืืช ื™ื™ืฆื•ืจ ื”ืคืจื™, ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ืœืฉืคืจ ืืช ื”ืฆื‘ืข, ื”ืืจื•ืžื” ื•ื”ื˜ืขืžื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืคื™ืจื•ืช ื•ื”ืคืจื—ื™ื ืฉืื•ืชื ื”ื•ื ืžื’ื“ืœ.

TDS ืื• EC ืžื” ื”ื”ื‘ื“ืœ?!

ื™ืฉ ื‘ืœื‘ื•ืœ ืงืœ ื‘ื›ืœ ื”ื ื•ื’ืข ืœืขืจืš ื‘ื• ื ืžื“ื“ืช ื”ืžื•ืœื™ื›ื•ืช ื”ื—ืฉืžืœื™ืช. ื™ืฉื ื ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื ืืฉืจ ืžื•ื“ื“ื™ื ืืช ื”ืžื•ืœื™ื›ื•ืช ื‘ืขื–ืจืช ืžื™ืงืจื• ืกื™ืžื ืก ื•ื”ื ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื ืงืจืื™ื ืžื“ื™ ืžื•ืœื™ื›ื•ืช ืื• ืžื“ื™ EC, ื•ื™ืฉื ื ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื ื”ืžื•ื“ื“ื™ื ืืช ื”ืžื•ืœื™ื›ื•ืช ื‘ืขื–ืจืช PPM (Parts per milion – ื—ืœืงื™ื ืœืžื™ืœื™ื•ืŸ) ื•ื”ื ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื ืงืจืื™ื ืžื“ื™ TDS.

ืฉื ื™ื”ื ืžื•ื“ื“ื™ื ืžื•ืœื™ื›ื•ืช ื—ืฉืžืœื™ืช!

ื™ืฉื ื• ื’ื•ืจื ื”ืžืจื” ื”ืžืืคืฉืจ ื”ืžืจื” ื‘ื™ืŸ ืขืจื›ื™ ื”EC ืœ ืขืจืš PPM, ืืš ืžื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ ืื ื—ื ื• ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืžืฉืชืžืฉื™ื ื‘ืžื“ื™ EC, ืœื ื‘ืืžืช ื™ื”ื™ื” ืœื ื• ืฆื•ืจืš ื‘ื›ืš.

ืื™ื–ื” ืžื“ ืžื•ืœื™ื›ื•ืช ืื ื™ ืฆืจื™ืš?

ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืžืฆื•ื ื”ื™ื•ื ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ืžื“ื™ ืžื•ืœื™ื›ื•ืช, ื”ื—ืœ ืžืžื“ ื“ื™ื’ื™ื˜ืœื™ ื™ื“ื ื™, ื“ืจืš ื‘ืงืจื™ื ืงื‘ื•ืขื™ื ื•ืขื“ ืœืžืื–ื ื•ืช ืื•ื˜ื•ืžื˜ื™ื•ืช. ื”ืžื’ื“ืœ ื”ื‘ื™ืชื™ ื”ืžืžื•ืฆืข ื™ืฆื˜ืจืš ืืช ื”ืžื“ ื”ื™ื“ื ื™ ื•ื”ื•ื ื™ืขื ื™ืง ืœื• ืขืจืš ืžืกืคืง ื‘ืชืžื•ืจื” ืœื›ืกืคื•. ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืžืฆื•ื ืืช ืžื“ ื”ืžื•ืœื™ื›ื•ืช ื”ื™ื“ื ื™ ื‘ื›ืœ ื—ื ื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ื”ื™ื“ืจื• ื‘ืืจืฅ ื•ืืฃ ื›ืืŸ ืืฆืœื ื• ื‘ืืชืจ ื‘ื”ื ื—ื” ื™ืคื” ื™ื—ื“ ืขื ืื—ืจื™ื•ืช ื™ื‘ื•ืืŸ ืœืฉื ื”. ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœืจื›ื•ืฉ ืžื“ ืžื•ืœื™ื›ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ื™ื“ื•ืขื•ืช ื•ืžื‘ื•ืกืกื•ืช ื‘ืขืœ ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ืจื—ื‘ ื‘ืงืจื‘ ืžื’ื“ืœื™ื ื”ื™ื“ืจื•ืคื•ื ื™ื, ืœืขื•ืžืช ืžื“ื™ื ืฉืœ ืžื•ืชื’ื™ื ืกื™ื ื™ื™ื ืขืœื•ืžื™ื ืฉืื™ืŸ ื“ืจืš ื‘ืืžืช ืœื“ืขืช ืžื” ืื™ื›ื•ืช ื”ืžื“ื™ื“ื•ืช ืฉื™ื‘ืฆืข.

ืœืžื’ื“ืœื™ื ื”ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ื™ื ื‘ื”ื—ืœื˜ ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœื”ืฆื˜ื™ื™ื“ ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ืžืชืงื“ืžื™ื ืฉื™ืชืื™ืžื• ืœืกื•ื’ ื”ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ื•ืจืžื•ืช ื”ืื•ื˜ื•ืžืฆื™ื” ื”ื ื“ืจืฉื•ืช.

 

ืœืกื™ื›ื•ื, ืื ืืชื ื—ื“ืฉื™ื ื‘ื”ื™ื“ืจื•ืคื•ื ื™ืงื”, ืื™ืŸ ืœื›ื ืžื” ืœื”ืกืชื‘ืš. ื”ืฉืชืžืฉื• ื‘ืจืžื•ืช ื“ืฉืŸ ื‘ื—ืฆื™ ื”ืขื•ืฆืžื” ื‘ืฉืœื‘ ื”ื•ื’ื˜ื˜ื™ื‘ื™ ื•ื”ืขืœื• ืื•ืชื” ื›ื›ืœ ืฉื”ืฆืžื—ื™ื ืฉืœื›ื ื’ื“ืœื™ื ื•ืขื•ื‘ืจื™ื ืœืฉืœื‘ ื”ืคืจื™ื—ื” ื•ื—ื ื™ื˜ืช ื”ืคืจื™. ืจื•ืงื ื• ื•ื—ื“ืฉื• ืืช ื”ืžืื’ืจ ืฉืœื›ื ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืงื‘ื•ืข. ื•ื–ื›ืจื•, ืชืžื™ื“ ืขื“ื™ืฃ ืœื”ื•ืกื™ืฃ ื˜ื™ืคื” ืคื—ื•ืช ื“ืฉืŸ ื•ืœื”ื’ื‘ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืจื™ื›ื•ื– ื‘ืžื™ื“ื” ื•ื”ืฆืžื— ืžืจืื” ืกื™ืžื ื™ ืžื—ืกื•ืจ ื›ืš ืฉืžื™ื“ ื™ื—ื–ื•ืจ ืœืฆืžื™ื—ื” ืชืงื™ื ื”, ืœืขื•ืžืช ื“ื™ืฉื•ืŸ ื™ืชืจ ื‘ื• ื”ืžื™ื ืจืœื™ื ื”ื›ืœ ื›ืš ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ื™ื ืœืฆืžื—, ืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ืฆื˜ื‘ืจ ืœืจืžื•ืช ืจืขื™ืœื•ืช.

ืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ืžืกืคืจ ื›ืœืœื™ื ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ื™ื ืชื‘ื˜ื™ื— ืชื•ืฆืื•ืช ืžืฆื•ื™ื™ื ื•ืช ื›ื‘ืจ ื‘ื™ื‘ื•ืœ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืฉืœื›ื, ื›ื›ืœ ืฉืชื›ื™ืจื• ื˜ื•ื‘ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืืช ื”ืฆืžื—ื™ื ืฉืœื›ื ื›ืš ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœืกืคืง ื˜ื•ื‘ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืืช ื”ืฆืจื›ื™ื ืฉืœื”ื ื•ืœืžืงืกื ืืช ื”ื™ื‘ื•ืœ.

ืฉื™ื”ื™ื” ื”ืžื•ืŸ ื‘ื”ืฆืœื—ื”.

ื›ืชื™ื‘ืช ืชื’ื•ื‘ื”

Moadon Popup 7 Sec Mobile

ื”ืจืฉืžื” ืœืžื•ืขื“ื•ืŸ ืœืงื•ื—ื•ืช
Holler Box

Moadon Popup Exit Intent Desktop

ื”ืจืฉืžื” ืœืžื•ืขื“ื•ืŸ ืœืงื•ื—ื•ืช
Holler Box
ืฉืชืคื• ืืช ื”ืขื’ืœื” ืฉืœื›ื
ืคืชื— ื•ื•ื˜ืกืืค
ื“ื‘ืจื• ืื™ืชื ื• ื‘ื•ื•ื˜ืกืืค ๐Ÿ’ฌ
ื”ื™ื™ ืฉื ๐Ÿ‘‹
ืจืง ืจืฆื™ื ื• ืœื”ื–ื›ื™ืจ ืฉืื ื™ืฉ ืœืš ืฉืืœื” ืื ื—ื ื• ื–ืžื™ื ื™ื ื’ื ื›ืืŸ ื‘ื•ื•ื˜ืกืืค.